The Quran is the central religious text of Islam, which Muslims believe to be a revelation from The Quran describes itself as a book of guidance for mankind 2 It sometimes offers detailed accounts of specific historical events, and it often. Quran for Android is a free Quran application for Android devices. There are many features under development. Please send us your feedback and feature. Read The Holy Quran (Arabic) book reviews & author details and more at adunsexanro.gq I contains the script of persian/ Indo pak which is usually used in India.

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The Quran translated into many languages in a simple and easy interface. Quranflash provides the Holy Quran for online reading and listening in a unique and modern way, with multiple Hafs - 12 Lines Moshaf Open book pages. ISLAMIC-BOOKS-LIBRARY. Quran Majeed - 15 Lines - Pakistani Print. by ISLAMIC-BOOKS- IdentifierQuranMajeedLines-PakistaniPrint.

This delegation of 12 people, including famous figures such as Uthman ibn Affan, Ali ibn Abi Talib, Talha ibn Ubaydullah, Abdullah ibn Masood, Ubayy ibn Kab, Khalid ibn al-Walid, Hudhaifah and Saleem, came together in Umar's house and collected all the materials on which verses from the Quran were written. In addition, the verses memorized by the companions were heard as well. Each of them was asked to show two witnesses for the verse they read.

Mushaf Thus, all the verses of the Quran that describe the creation of the universe and people, judgment day, exemplary stories of the people who lived before and the beliefs, worship, morals and legal bases that believers should obey were collected together into a single-volume book.

Each of the verses was taught by the archangel Gabriel and declared by Prophet Muhammad. The verse is the name given to each sentence of the Quran and the surah is the name given to each part of the holy book.

There are 6, verses, surahs and about , letters in the Quran. Saeed ibn al-Aas, who was renowned for the beauty of his handwriting, wrote them down on gazelle skin.

The writing used was the Arabic script of the time, which was already old and used commonly at that time in Hejaz. The companions reached a consensus that this writing, which was used by Prophet Ismail in Hejaz, is the writing of Muslims. The copy of the Quran was recited to the companions at a general meeting. There was no objection.

So, a book called "mushaf" emerged, which means written verses.

A total of 33, companions agreed that every letter of the Quran was in the right place. Then this mushaf was sent to Umar ibn al-Khattab. After his death, this book passed on to Hazrat Hafsah, the daughter of Umar and a wife of Prophet Muhammad.

Dialect of Quraysh A difference was observed in the recitation of the Quran in the Armenia battles between Muslims from Damascus and Iraq during the period of the third caliph, Uthman. Hudhaifah, one of the companions, went before the caliph on his way back from an expedition and asked him to prevent this.

On the 25th year of the hijra , Uthman gathered a delegation attended by Abdullah ibn al-Zubair, Saeed ibn al-Aas and Abd al-Rahman ibn Harith under the leadership of Zaid ibn Thabit.

All of them, except for Zaid, were from Quraysh. Uthman said that the dialect of Quraysh should be preferred if they were to fall into conflict with Zaid regarding the dialect, since Muhammad was from the Quraysh tribe. The Quran had been revealed in seven dialects of the Arabic language of the time.

The first Muslims who were literate could easily read the writing of their own language, but somewhat differently, since at the time the Arabic script did not have diacritical marks to differentiate letters or vowel symbols.

For example, those from the Tameem tribe pronounced the letter "sin" as "te" and read the word "nas" as "nat.

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The delegation brought the original mushaf from Hafsah. In this mushaf, the surahs were not separated from each other. The surahs were sorted according to the order of their descent in Ali's manuscript and according to their lengths in the manuscript of Abdullah ibn Masood.

The manuscript according to Zayd remained with Abu Bakr until he died. Zayd's reaction to the task and the difficulties in collecting the Quranic material from parchments, palm-leaf stalks, thin stones collectively known as suhuf [41] and from men who knew it by heart is recorded in earlier narratives.

In about , the third Caliph Uthman ibn Affan d. In order to preserve the sanctity of the text, he ordered a committee headed by Zayd to use Abu Bakr's copy and prepare a standard copy of the Quran.


That text became the model from which copies were made and promulgated throughout the urban centers of the Muslim world, and other versions are believed to have been destroyed. The order of this text differed from that gathered later during Uthman's era in that this version had been collected in chronological order. Despite this, he made no objection against the standardized Quran and accepted the Quran in circulation.

Other personal copies of the Quran might have existed including Ibn Mas'ud 's and Ubay ibn Ka'b 's codex, none of which exist today. Several sources indicate that during Muhammad's lifetime a large number of his companions had memorized the revelations.

History of the compilation of Quran

Early commentaries and Islamic historical sources support the above-mentioned understanding of the Quran's early development. The Sana'a manuscripts contain palimpsests , a manuscript page from which the text has been washed off to make the parchment reusable again—a practice which was common in ancient times due to scarcity of writing material. However, the faint washed-off underlying text scriptio inferior is still barely visible and believed to be "pre-Uthmanic" Quranic content, while the text written on top scriptio superior is believed to belong to Uthmanic time.

Puin has been investigating these Quran fragments for years. His research team made 35, microfilm photographs of the manuscripts, which he dated to early part of the 8th century.

Puin has not published the entirety of his work, but noted unconventional verse orderings, minor textual variations, and rare styles of orthography. He also suggested that some of the parchments were palimpsests which had been reused.

Puin believed that this implied an evolving text as opposed to a fixed one. Many of them may even be a hundred years older than Islam itself.


Even within the Islamic traditions there is a huge body of contradictory information, including a significant Christian substrate; one can derive a whole Islamic anti-history from them if one wants. Many Muslims—and Orientalists—will tell you otherwise, of course, but the fact is that a fifth of the Koranic text is just incomprehensible.

This is what has caused the traditional anxiety regarding translation. If the Koran is not comprehensible—if it can't even be understood in Arabic—then it's not translatable.

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People fear that. And since the Koran claims repeatedly to be clear but obviously is not—as even speakers of Arabic will tell you—there is a contradiction. Something else must be going on. Their variant readings and verse orders are all very significant.April The companions of Prophet Muhammad served in transferring the Islamic holy book to future generations.

A newly opened museum in Mecca also features verses of the Quran written on bones and stones. The Quranic text seems to have no beginning, middle, or end, its nonlinear structure being akin to a web or net.

Croatian Quran WB. Sometimes the Angel comes in the form of a man and talks to me and I grasp whatever he says. Oxford English Dictionary. Der Islam.

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