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Free PDF, epub, site ebook. By Charles Dickens. David Copperfield is the common name of The Personal History, Adventures, Experience and Observation . David Copperfield by Charles Dickens. Adobe PDF icon. Download this document as adunsexanro.gq: File size: MB What's this? light bulb idea Many people prefer to. Free Download. PDF version of David Copperfield by Charles Dickens. Apple, Android and site formats also available.
The reason to declare it to be a novel might be to suppress his own emotions and feels. His feelings towards the school headmaster and his step-father and other characters has been stated in the novel in such details, that he might have tried to keep that in secret. Might be for that reason, he concealed his own life in this novel.
Now, when all the things as been understood and made clear, can it be stated as a novel? Since, the names of characters are fictitious, it cannot even be referred as an autobiography. Bookmark not defined. Introduction Charles Dickens has been one of the most eminent novelist, with lots ow works. His life has never been smooth and it has got so much ups and downs, that it can easily be a story of its own. It is often assumed among the literature experts that David Copperfield is the novel, which represents complete life of Charles.
This is a matter of discussion, but has never been declared. A critical review on the literature and a comparison of the novel story with the life of Charles will show, how much It is a novel and how much it is an autobiography.
A novel is essentially a story, where all or most characters are fictitious and the incidences has no connection with any of real life incidences. Whether that has been maintained in the novel or not needs a thorough review, which has been conducted in this essay. Numerous similarities are there between the life and philosophy of the author and the hero of Novel.
If the novel is an autobiography, incidences along with feelings and emotions will all be non- fictitious. A detailed review of the literature will reveal few things. Some of the elements that can be considered as the proof for the noble to be an autobiography are the characters and the incidences, used in the noble. A review of the literature will show whether all the characters are some or other relations in Charles own life.
If both the statements are proved, then the novel is surely an autobiography hidden in its novel form. Copperfield that starts from his birth and ends with his manhood. The full story is an adventure, where the childhood of David passes with lots of love.
Days of David was passing with absolute joy, till his mother decides to marry again. Life of his became miserable, which found a turn after he met his fellow friend, James Steerforth. He passes the school life, and soon after the death of his mother he was sent to work by his step-father.
The work seemed to be interesting for him, but the associates there were intolerable. He left everything and went to his aunt in Dover. Lybyer, states that Charles was sent to a good school and get in touch with Mr.
While working there, David falls on Dora, the daughter of Spenlow. LaFarge, L. Aunt Betsey also finds her financial resources to be restored, by that act.
Disturbed by the total calamity, David decides to go abroad for three years. After his return a dramatic turn comes out, where he discovers that Agnes has been his true love. The story has a happy ending, where David marries Agnes.
Ward, www. The entire novel is meant to narrate the experience of David, in his full life. As life moves on, numerous things goes on happening. Charles Dickens shows that those happenings cover the truth of life but the truth resides at the bottom of everything.
After passing through so many obligations and adventures in life, the truth ultimately comes forward, showing its real bloom. Houghton Mifflin, H.
David Copperfield by Charles Dickens
Basically, David is Dickens himself, manifested in the form of hero of the novel. All the emotions that Charles had in his mind and felt in his life are explained through David. Dickens, All the struggles that David faces in his life, starting from childhood to manhood are the resemblance of his own life instances. Even the school, where David was sent by his step- father resembled the Willington House academy of Dickens. Thus the novel can be stated to be an autobiography of Dickens.
Other important characters like Dora, Agnes are all his life incidences. Agnes seemed to be an amalgamated character of Mary Hogarth and Gerogry, sister of Dickens. By devious means, Uriah Heep gradually gains a complete ascendancy over the aging and alcoholic Wickfield, to Agnes's great sorrow. Heep hopes, and maliciously confides to David, that he aspires to marry Agnes.
Ultimately with the aid of Micawber, who has been employed by Heep as a secretary, his fraudulent behaviour is revealed. At the end of the book, David encounters him in prison, convicted of attempting to defraud the Bank of England. After completing school, David apprentices to be a proctor. During this time, due to Heep's fraudulent activities, his aunt's fortune has diminished. David toils to make a living.
He works mornings and evenings for his former teacher Doctor Strong as a secretary, and also starts to learn shorthand , with the help of his old school-friend Traddles, upon completion reporting parliamentary debate for a newspaper. With considerable moral support from Agnes and his own great diligence and hard work, David ultimately finds fame and fortune as an author, writing fiction. David's romantic but self-serving school friend, Steerforth, also re-acquaints himself with David, but then goes on to seduce and dishonour Emily, offering to marry her off to his manservant Littimer before deserting her in Europe.
Her uncle Mr Peggotty manages to find her with the help of Martha, who had grown up in their part of England, and then settled in London. Ham, who had been engaged to marry Emily before the tragedy, dies in a fierce storm off the coast in attempting to succour a ship. Steerforth was aboard the ship and also died. Mr Peggotty takes Emily to a new life in Australia , accompanied by Mrs Gummidge and the Micawbers, where all eventually find security and happiness.
David, meanwhile, has fallen completely in love with Dora Spenlow, and then marries her. Their marriage proves troublesome for David in the sense of everyday practical affairs, but he never stops loving her.
Dora dies early in their marriage after a miscarriage. After Dora's death, Agnes encourages David to return to normal life and his profession of writing. While living in Switzerland to dispel his grief over so many losses, David realises that he loves Agnes.
Upon returning to England , after a failed attempt to conceal his feelings, David finds that Agnes loves him too.
They quickly marry and in this marriage, he finds true happiness. David and Agnes then have at least five children, including a daughter named after his great-aunt, Betsey Trotwood.
David's father, David, Sr, died six months before he was born, and he learns his mother has died when he is at Salem House, on his ninth birthday.
He is characterised in the book as having goals in his life, but much to learn to attain maturity. Clara Copperfield — David's affectionate and beautiful mother, described as being innocently childish, who dies while David is at Salem House school. She dies a couple of months after the birth of her second son, who dies a day or so later. That baby's father is Edward Murdstone, her second husband.
Clara Peggotty — The faithful servant of the Copperfield family and a lifelong companion to David - she is called by her surname Peggotty within David's family, as her given name is Clara, the same as David's mother; she is also referred to at times as Barkis after her marriage to Mr Barkis.
After her husband's death, Peggotty helps to put in order David's rooms in London and then returns to Yarmouth to keep house for her nephew, Ham Peggotty. Following Ham's death, she keeps house for David's aunt, Betsey Trotwood.
Betsey Trotwood — David's eccentric and temperamental yet kind-hearted great-aunt; she becomes his guardian after he runs away from the Murdstone and Grinby warehouse in Blackfriars, London. She is present on the night of David's birth but leaves after hearing that Clara Copperfield's child is a boy instead of a girl, and is not seen again until David flees to her house in Dover from London.
She is portrayed as affectionate towards David, and defends him and his late mother when Mr Murdstone arrives to take custody of David: she confronts the man and rebukes him for his abuse of David and his mother, then threatens him and drives him off the premises.
Universally believed to be a widow, she conceals the existence of her ne'er-do-well husband who occasionally bleeds her for money. Mr Chillip — A shy doctor who assists at David's birth and faces the wrath and anger of Betsey Trotwood after he informs her that Clara's baby is a boy instead of a girl. David meets this doctor each time he returns to the neighborhood of his birth.
Mr Chillip, met in London when David Copperfield returns from Switzerland, tells David of the fate of Murdstone's second wife, much the same as the fate of David's mother. Mr Barkis — An aloof carter who declares his intention to marry Peggotty. He says to David: "Tell her, 'Barkis is willin'! He is a bit of a miser, and hides his surprisingly vast liquid wealth in a plain box labelled "Old Clothes". Edward Murdstone — The main antagonist of the first half of the novel, he is Young David's cruel stepfather who beats him for falling behind in his studies.
David reacts by biting Mr Murdstone, who then sends him to Salem House, the private school owned by his friend Mr Creakle. After David's mother dies, Mr Murdstone sends him to work in his factory in London, where he has to clean wine bottles.
David Copperfield - Charles Dickens
He appears at Betsey Trotwood's house after David runs away. Mr Murdstone appears to show signs of repentance when confronted by Copperfield's aunt about his treatment of Clara and David, but when David works at Doctor's Commons, he meets Murdstone taking out a marriage license for his next young and trusting wife.
Jane Murdstone — Mr Murdstone's equally cruel spinster sister, who moves into the Copperfield house shortly after Mr Murdstone marries Clara Copperfield, taking over the housekeeping. Later, she rejoins her brother and his second wife in a marriage much like the one with David's mother.
Daniel Peggotty — Peggotty's brother; a humble but generous Yarmouth fisherman who takes his nephew Ham and niece Emily into his custody after each of them has been orphaned. He welcomes David as a child when holidaying to Yarmouth with Peggotty. When Emily is older and runs away with David's friend Steerforth, he travels around the world in search of her.
He eventually finds her in London, and after that, they emigrate to Australia. David and Emily on the beach at Yarmouth, by Harold Copping. She is a childhood friend of David Copperfield, who loved her in his childhood days. After Steerforth deserts her, she does not go back home, now a fallen woman, but she does eventually go to London.
With the help of Martha, her uncle finds her there, after Rosa Dartle rants at her, while David watches unseen. She accompanies her uncle to Australia. Ham Peggotty — The good-natured nephew of Mr Peggotty who is tall and strong, and becomes a skilled boat builder. His aunt looks after Ham once Emily is gone.
When the fierce storm at sea off Yarmouth dismasts a merchant ship from the south, Ham attempts to rescue the crew, but is drowned by the ferocity of the waves before he can reach anyone. News of his death, a day before the emigration, is withheld from his family to enable them to emigrate without hesitation or remorse.
Mrs Gummidge — The widow of Daniel Peggotty's partner, who is taken in and supported by Daniel after his partner's death. She is a self-described "lone, lorn creetur" who spends much of her time pining for "the old 'un" her late husband. After Emily runs away with Steerforth, she renounces her self-pity and becomes Daniel and Ham's primary caretaker.
She too emigrates to Australia with Daniel and Emily. In Australia, when she receives a marriage proposal, she responds by attacking the unlucky suitor with a bucket.
Martha Endell — A young woman, once Little Emily's friend, who later gains a bad reputation; it is implied that she engages in some sexually inappropriate behaviour and is thus disgraced. She is stopped from suicide by Daniel Peggotty and David finding her so she might help them. She emigrates with the Peggotty family to Australia. There, she marries and lives happily. Mr Creakle — The harsh headmaster of young David's boarding school who is assisted by the one-legged Tungay.
Mr Creakle is a friend of Mr Murdstone. He singles out David for extra torment on Murdstone's request, but later treats him normally when David apologises to Murdstone.
With a surprising amount of delicacy, his wife breaks the news to David that his mother has died. Later, he becomes a Middlesex magistrate and is considered 'enlightened' for his day.
He runs his prison by the system and is portrayed with great sarcasm, as he thinks that his model inmates, Heep and Littimer, have changed their criminal ways due to the system. James Steerforth — A student at Creakle's school who befriends young David, even as he takes over David's money. He is condescending of other social classes, a snob who unhesitatingly takes advantage of his younger friends and uses his mother's influence, going so far as to get Mr Mell dismissed from the school because Mell's mother lives in almshouse.
Although he grows into a charming and handsome young man, he proves to be lacking in character when he seduces and later abandons Little Em'ly. He eventually drowns at Yarmouth in a fierce storm at sea, washing up on the shore after the merchant ship breaks totally apart.
Tommy Traddles — David's friend from Salem House. Traddles is one of the few boys who does not trust Steerforth and is notable for drawing skeletons on his slate to cheer himself up with the macabre thought that his predicaments are only temporary.
They meet again later and become lifelong friends. Traddles works hard but faces great obstacles because of his lack of money and connections. He succeeds n making a name and a career for himself, becoming a Judge and marrying his true love, Sophy. Wilkins Micawber — A melodramatic, kind-hearted gentleman who has a way with words and eternal optimism.
He befriends David as a young boy in London, taking him as a lodger. Micawber suffers from financial difficulty and spends time in a debtors' prison before moving his family briefly to Plymouth. Micawber meets David again, passing by the Heep household in Canterbury when David is taking tea there. Micawber takes a position at Wickford and Heep. Thinking Micawber is weak-minded, Heep makes him an accomplice in several of his schemes, but Micawber turns the tables on his employer and is instrumental in his downfall.
Micawber emigrates to Australia, where he enjoys a successful career as a sheep farmer and becomes a magistrate. She comes from a moneyed family who disapprove of her husband, but she constantly protests that she will "never leave Micawber! His madness is amply described; he claims to have the "trouble" of King Charles I in his head.
He is fond of making gigantic kites and tries to write a "Memorial" but is unable to focus and finish it.
David Copperfield, by Charles Dickens
Despite his limitations, Dick is able to see issues with a certain clarity. He proves to be not only a kind and loyal friend but also demonstrates a keen emotional intelligence, particularly when he helps Dr and Mrs Strong through a marriage crisis.
He feels guilty that, through his love, he has hurt his daughter by keeping her too close to himself. This sense of guilt leads him to drink. His apprentice Uriah Heep uses the information to lead Mr Wickfield down a slippery slope, encouraging the alcoholism and feelings of guilt, and eventually convincing him that he has committed improprieties while inebriated, and blackmailing him.
He is saved by Mr Micawber, and his friends consider him to have become a better man through the experience. Agnes Wickfield — Mr Wickfield's mature and lovely daughter and close friend of David since he began school at Dr Strong's in Canterbury.
Agnes nurtures an unrequited love for David for many years but never tells him, helping and advising him through his infatuation with, and marriage to, Dora. After David returns to England, he realises his feelings for her, and she becomes David's second wife and mother of their children. Uriah Heep — The main antagonist of the novel's second half, Heep serves first as clerk from age 11 or 12, at age 15 he meets Copperfield and a few years later becomes partner to Mr Wickfield.
He presents himself as self-deprecating and talks of being "umble", but gradually reveals his wicked and twisted character. He gains power over Wickfield but is exposed by Wilkins Micawber and Traddles, who have gathered evidence that Uriah committed multiple acts of fraud. By forging Mr Wickfield's signature, he has misappropriated the personal wealth of the Wickfield family, together with portfolios entrusted to them by others, including funds belonging to Betsey Trotwood.
He fools Wickfield into thinking he has himself committed this act while drunk, and then blackmailed him. Heep is defeated but not prosecuted.
He is later imprisoned for a separate fraud on the Bank of England. He nurtures a deep hatred of David Copperfield and of many others, though in some ways he is a mirror to David, wanting to get ahead and to marry the boss's daughter. Mrs Heep — Uriah's mother, who is as sycophantic as her son.
She has instilled in him his lifelong tactic of pretending to be subservient to achieve his goals, and even as his schemes fall apart she begs him to save himself by "being 'umble. Dr Strong's main concern is to work on his Greek dictionary, where, at the end of the novel, he has reached the letter D.
The Doctor is 62 when David meets him, and married about a year to Annie, considerably younger than her husband. In this happy loving couple, each one cares more about the other than of himself.
The depth of their feeling allows them to defeat the efforts of Uriah Heep in trying to break their union.
Jack Maldon — A cousin and childhood sweetheart of Annie Strong. He continues to bear affection for her and assunes she will leave Dr Strong for him. Instead, Dr Strong helps Maldon financially and in finding a position. He is charming, and after his time in India, he ends up in London society, married to Julia Mills, friend of Dora who assisted in the romance with David.
They live a life that seems empty to the adult David Copperfield. Mrs Markleham- Annie's mother, nicknamed "The Old Soldier" by her husband's students for her stubbornness.As life moves on, numerous things goes on happening. Autobiographical novel[ edit ] Fragments of autobiography[ edit ] Between and , Dickens wrote fragments of autobiography excerpts of which he showed to his wife and John Forster. His feelings towards the school headmaster and his step-father and other characters has been stated in the novel in such details, that he might have tried to keep that in secret.
So much similarity of the characters and incidences with personal life of Charles, cannot be stated to be a full-fledged novel, although author tried his best to establish the same as a novel.